considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. There were no indicators of impairment during the period ended March 31, 2017.
The Company measures contingent consideration liabilities recognized in connection with business combinations at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The Company uses a probability-weighted discounted cash flow approach as a valuation technique to determine the fair value of the contingent consideration on the acquisition date. The fair value of the Company’s contingent consideration liability is revalued to fair value each period and any increase or decrease is recorded into earnings. Amounts paid in excess of the amount recorded on the acquisition date will be classified as cash flows used in operating activities. Payments not exceeding the acquisition-date fair value of the contingent consideration will be classified as cash flows used in financing activities.
Restricted Cash and Investments
All cash and investments that are legally restricted from use are recorded in restricted cash and investments on the balance sheet. The convertible senior secured notes due 2020 issued in March 2016 (See Note 11) require the Company to maintain a minimum account balance which is considered to be restricted cash and investments. The required restricted cash and investment amount is $40.0 million until June 21, 2017.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which outlines a comprehensive revenue recognition model and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The new standard requires a company to recognize revenue upon transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the expected consideration to be received in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 defines a five-step approach for recognizing revenue, which may require a company to use more judgment and make more estimates than under the current guidance. The new standard will be effective for the Company starting in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The FASB will permit entities to adopt one year earlier if they choose (i.e., the original effective date). The new standard allows for two methods of adoption: (a) full retrospective adoption, meaning the standard is applied to all periods presented, or (b) modified retrospective adoption, meaning the cumulative effect of applying the new standard is recognized as an adjustment to the opening retained earnings balance. The Company is in the process of performing a preliminary assessment of the impact of ASU 2014-09 on the Consolidated Financial Statements, and is considering all items outlined in the standard. In assessing the impact, the Company will identify all revenue generating activities, map those activities to deliverables and map those deliverables to the standard. The Company will be assessing what impact the change in standard will have on those deliverables. Based on the Company’s preliminary assessment to date, the Company expects that the new standard will impact the estimation of sales allowances for the Company’s U.S. product revenues and the timing of revenue recognition which could be earlier than that what the Company is currently recognizing U.S. product revenue. And the new standard is expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statement disclosures. The Company will continue to evaluate the impact of ASU 2014-09 and related amendments on the Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures throughout 2017. The Company plans to adopt the new standard beginning January 2018 using the modified retrospective method.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU No. 2016-2 requires an entity to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet for all leases and to disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. ASU No. 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, or ASU 2016-09. The amendment is to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in ASU 2016-09 are effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 on January 1, 2017. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. Under ASU 2016-09, previously unrecognized deferred tax assets were recognized on a modified retrospective basis as of January 1, 2017. As a result of adoption of ASU 2016-09, we recorded approximately $4.6 million of additional deferred tax assets, which are fully offset by a valuation allowance. The Company elected to continue estimating stock-based compensation award forfeitures in determining the amount of compensation cost to be recognized each period.